随着时间的推移，提高或提高学生的学习能力的目的，技术的升级变得更加计算机化，大约在20世纪70年代开始使用计算器，以帮助工程和科学学生更有效地计算，因为它被证明比人类计算更准确(Green and Gilbert, 1995)。因此，可以这样说，技术可以通过通过更高的精度来最小化人为错误来提高教育，就像计算器一样，独裁者让学生有能力获取讲课内容和信息，以便在以后的阶段进行复习，并更有效地正确记录课堂笔记。在过去，教师负责制定课堂课程，设置和工具使用的教育领域和学生的责任只是出现在学校和做笔记。在今天的教育领域，学习环境中的共同责任已经有了明显的范式转变。今天的使用智能手机、平板电脑和笔记本电脑在教室有多种形式,从捕获数据,与讲师互动,与班上的同学交流,在课堂上做研究,甚至捕捉整个讲座的笔记对学生与在稍后的阶段。在联合国际学院(UIC)，整个人的教育模式适应了学院，教育的一部分是拥抱开放教育，其中包括技术。在这个学期中，许多程序设计进入了英语语言中心课程中使用的部分教学工具。因此，教师被告知，有大量的工具纳入到他们的课程计划，以帮助学生的学习旅程记住词汇，复习工作和做作业。对教师进行培训，以确保他们在课堂上的重要部分使用技术，但教学法优先确保学习者通过正确的方法学习语言，同时也要正确地学习英语的细微差别。综上所述，有证据表明，技术可以提高教师和学生的教育经验，因此，下一段将通过客观主义和建构主义学习理论的镜头，回顾其中一个ICT模型，即TPACK，它在教育方面的挑战和进步。3
Throughout the time the aims of improving or enhancing student’s learning abilities the upgrading of technology became more computerized starting with calculators around the 1970’s to help engineering and science students calculate more efficiently as it was proven to be more accurate than the human calculation (Green and Gilbert, 1995). Hence, it can be said that technology can enhance education by minimizing human error through higher precision as is the case in calculators, dictators giving student the ability to capture lectures and information to review at a later stage and correctly noting down class notes more effectively. In the past Teachers were responsible to work out the class lesson, setting and tools used within the educational realm and the student’s responsibility was merely to show up to school and take notes. In today’s educational realm there has been a clear paradigm shift as to the shared responsibility within the learning environment. Today the use of smart phones, tablets and laptops in classrooms has its place in various forms, from capturing data, interacting with the lecturers, interacting with the fellow students in class, doing research in class and even capturing the lecture as a whole with all the notes for students to interact with at a later stage. At the United International College (UIC), the whole persons’ education model is adapted to the College, and a part of the education is to embrace open education which includes technology. During this semester a lot of programming went in to part of educational tools to be used int he English Language Centre’s curriculum. Thus, teachers are informed that there is a host of tools to incorporate into their lesson plans to aid in student’s learning journey to remember vocabulary, to review work and to do homework. Training is given to teachers to ensure that they use technology in an important part in class, but that pedagogy takes priority to ensure that learners learn the language through correct measures, but also learn the finer nuances of English correctly.To recap, there is evidence that technology can enhance teachers and students experience in education, thus, the next paragraph will review the one of the ICT Models, namely the TPACK, its challenges and advances in education through the lens of objectivist and constructivist learning theories.