Keywords: Psychology Essay代写
ecision-making has been a hot issue for a long time both in many branches of psychological research and in the fields of management, psychology and economics. Decision-maker play the most important role in the process of decision-making that makes researchers always pay more attention to decision-maker's individual diversity.Need for cognitive closure (NFCC) is a heated research spots of cognitive psychology in recent years abroad. Individuals with high dispositional NFCC has a very strong incentive to search for certainty, given the answer - even if there is no conclusive evidence, the following conclusions may not be appropriate;while individuals with low dispositional NFCC could bear a higher degree of ambiguity, has a lower preferences on the immediate elimination of its ambiguity and uncertainty, and thus has a stronger incentive to collect information or research more further information for in-depth analysis and reflection.Individuals with high dispositional NFCC tend to use heuristics to make a judgment,so this kind of decision has more deviation.Conduct a depth study on NFCC could help manager to improve their decision quality.The future problem may continue to be studied is that human cognitive mechanism is effective and full adaptation, but it is likely to make mistakes frequently,become of overconfidence when the individual judge objective things.As overconfidence is universal and important ,so much degree of concern has been focus on it by the psychologies. In previous studies, researchers from two different angled overconfidence definitions, the first definition is that overconfident individuals overestimate their own abilities, performance, even control level and the probability of success of a cognitive deviation, which the researchers called overestimate. The second definition of overconfidence individuals is that anyone who always think their own capacity is great higher than that of other people, researchers call it over placement.