Technology further affects teaching and learning because it changes student and teacher roles so that teachers can offer more personalized learning. As Bitner and Bitner (2002) note, the traditional role of teacher has been radically altered with the advent of technology as a teaching and learning tool: "[Technology's] use can allow teachers and students to become partners in the learning process. Technology integration necessarily alters the traditional paradigm of the teacher providing wisdom and the student absorbing knowledgeâ€¦and for good reason. The knowledge needed for tomorrow's jobs will change before many of today's students enter the job market" (p. 97). Rather than acting as expert lecturers who provide knowledge, teachers in today's technological age play the role of facilitators who help students to think critically and learn actively. In this new relationship, students are much more engaged because lessons can be more customized and enhanced to fit each student's learning style and progress. As more and more teachers are using adaptive learning software, gaming, coding and virtual reality in their classrooms, students can work and excel at their own level and pace. Students are active learners and authors, not just consumers when using technology: "Students today must learn to search and discover knowledge, actively communicate with others, and solve problems so that they can become productive life-long members of our society" (Bitner and Bitner, 2002, p. 97). Technology makes that happen by asking them to publish, share, and collaborate.