他是一位出生于荷兰的心理学家和作家，出生于1928。霍夫施泰德在文化对人们行为的影响感兴趣。他是受文化（一个占主导地位的美国社会学从1930到1950的趋势）。有资格的文化文化”的思维方式，感觉和人类一组表演，这是获取和传播的符号，代表了其具体身份”。（唐纳来源de la引文）。吉尔特·霍夫斯塔德解释了在行为差异的根源，它可以容易的问题。随着我们的成长和生活在一个多元文化的世界，我们必须理解为什么不同国家的人采取不同的行动。这个问题是非常重要的业务时，一个国家的公司不得不面对来自另一个国家的公司，甚至在一个公司，是由来自不同国家的员工，我们必须知道如何行动和沟通。霍夫施泰德写了几本书：文化的影响（1984）、文化与组织：心灵的软件（1992），合著者是他的儿子Gert Jan Hofstede。解释和解决来自不同文化背景的人一起生活或工作带来的问题，他包括文化差异的5个因素：个人主义/集体主义、男权/女权主义、不确定性规避、权力距离和长期/短期取向。根据Hofstede，这5个标准，说明国家与个人之间的差异。他把他的理论应用于世界上所有的国家。
He is a dutch psychologist and writer who was born in 1928. Hofstede was interested in the influence of culture on people's behaviour. He was inspired by the Culturalism (a trend which dominated the American sociology from the 1930's to the 1950's). The culturalists qualify culture as "the way of thinking, feeling and acting of a human group, which was acquired and transmitted by symbols and which represents its specific identity". (donner sources de la citation).Geert Hofstede explains the origins of the differences in behaviours, which can tend to problems. As we grow up and live in a multi-cultural world, we have to understand why people from different nations act differently. This question is very important in business when a company from a certain country has to deal with a company from another country, or even within a company which is composed by employees from different nations, we have to know how to act and communicate.Hofstede wrote several books: Culture's consequences (1984), Cultures and Organizations: Software of the mind (1992), co-authored by his son Gert Jan Hofstede.To explain and solve the problems engendered by people from different cultures living or working together, he included 5 factors of cultural differentiation: individualism/collectivism, masculinism/feminism, uncertainty avoidance, power distance and long term/short term orientation. According to Hofstede, these 5 criteria explain the disparities between the nations and the individuals. He applied his theories to all the countries in the world.