Tannen published a book titled, Gender and Discourse (1996), which includes several chapters about the relationship between gender and communication styles. In her book, Tannen delves into the intricacies of male and female language and how each gender relates amongst themselves and with each other. Tannen emphasizes the importance of socialization and how it so greatly affects the end result – adult communication. Tannen also points out that language should not be viewed solely on the basis of male and female, but cultural aspects of a person should also be considered. Different cultures have unique roles for males and females, which affect how each gender relates within itself and within the opposite sex. For instance, Watanabe (1993) highlights that some cultures view a hierarchy to be oppressive. However, the Japanese view themselves in some place within the hierarchy, and thus feel that they are part of a system that is working together toward a greater goal. Therefore, hierarchy, whether between subordinates and supervisors or husband and wife, is not seen as a negative quality of a relationship.Tannen goes on to talk about communication and the significance of interruption during conversation. In fact, Tannen felt that it was such a significant topic relating to conversation that she dedicated a chapter in her book regarding interruption. She closely examines the function of interruption and separates it out into two segments – cooperative overlap and interruption as a disruption. She explains that people often conduct interruption in the function of cooperative overlap when in agreement with someone. In this instance, it is not a rude disruption that is intended to halt the other person’s statement, but instead a show of agreement and understanding. This occurs quite often and is not problematic. Conversely, interruption that is meant to stop another from talking is often displayed by males. At times, it is used to disrupt someone else’s statement. However, at other times, it is used because a male may find it difficult to state his opinion at an opportune time. Further, males are socialized to compete with one another, thus carry over this competitive demeanor into conversations with both males and females. Therefore, the male interjects when he thinks best. For the female, this may be frustrating and confusing, particularly because she is conditioned to listening to others’ conversation so attentively. Tannen points out that understanding a complex function such as interruption requires both sexes understanding what type of socially related cues are brought up for each gender when an event such as this occurs.