Consilience faces opposition from religious culture. This is due to the fact that religious culture is what defines the different communities present in the world. Many of the rules that religion imposes hinders the pursuit of knowledge in a society. This cannot be compared to the world of science due to the fixed set of rules that are present. Many wars and conflicts have taken place due to the difference in religious culture, views and opinions. In China, the philosophy of Confucianism has led to the government to strictly monitor the freedom on the internet in order to maintain social balance and harmony. By restricting the media that is available to the public, the government is restricting the ability of Chinese individuals to learn about the outside world and the outside world to learn about China. While Consilience aims to break the barriers between different aspects of knowledge, religious culture as we see is rebuilding these barriers and restricting the flow of knowledge. The unification of different cultures into Christianity is another example that shows this degradation of knowledge in society. Due to the extinction of tribes and communities such as the Vikings to the pressure of Christianity, we have effectively lost the opportunity to learn about them.
People usually think of science and religion as being antagonistic concepts. However on the contrary, this is not true. An example to counteract this belief is the fact that the Catholic Church accepted the big bang theory. This is due to the latest advances in physics. The big bang theory states that the universe was created from a point called a singularity. The existence of the singularity appeals to the religious masses due to the fact that the theory acknowledges the presence of a supernatural being that created the singularity or in essence, the universe. This shows that barriers once though firm and unbreakable are fading as the knowledge of the society becomes more lucid. In ancient India plants and animals of scientific value were given religious importance so that they were preserved and remained unharmed. This shows that religion helped in the preservation of plants and animals of scientific value and importance. This interdependent relationship between religion and science demonstrates how two distinct disciplines that were strictly divided are now merging together to allow people to become more knowledgeable about their surroundings and the cosmos.